Sickle Cell Disease

What is sickle cell disease? Sickle cell disease is a group of inherited hemoglobin disorders. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. An individual diagnosed with sickle cell disease has inherited two abnormal hemoglobin genes. This individual has a S or sickle hemoglobin. The abnormal sickle hemoglobin cells form an abnormal crescent moon shape or shape of a farming tool called sickle.  The sickle cells are hard and firm, instead of round and flexible. These abnormal blood cells clog blood vessels, causing episodes of severe pain, organ damage, and other serious health problems. Normal red blood cell live about 120 days. Sickle cells live about 10-15 days which results in anemia. In the United States, it is estimated that over 100,000 people have sickle cell disease. Over 1,000 American babies are born with the disease each year.

Normal Cell & Sickle Cell

Normal Cells are round and soft. They easily travel through vessels transporting need oxygen throughout the body. Sickle cells are firm and have an abnormal sickle shape making it difficult to travel easily through vessels causing less need oxygen to be transported to organs, tissues and bones.

Sickle Cells Difficult Flow

Sickle Cell Disease Education Video

More Sickle Cell Info

Printable Fact Sheets & Healthy Tip Sheets
Printable Sheets Available Upon Request in French & Spanish
[info_box title=”Get Screened to Know Sickle Cell Status”]factsheet_scicklecell_status[/info_box]
[info_box title=”Sickle Cell Fact Sheet”]factsheet_what-is-scd[/info_box]
[info_box title=”Sickle Cell Trait Fact Sheet”]factsheet_sickle_cell_trait[/info_box]
[info_box title=”Sickle Cell & Pregnancy Fact Sheet”]factsheet_scd–pregnancy[/info_box]
[info_box title=”5 Facts You Should Know About Sickle Cell Status”]facts sicklecell_infographic5[/info_box]
[info_box title=”Tips Seeking ER Care”]tipsheets_ERguide[/info_box]
[info_box title=”Living Well With Sickle Cell Tips”]tipsheets_livingwell[/info_box]
[info_box title=”Self Care Tips Living with Sickle Cell”][/info_box]